A list of known major famines, ordered by date.

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1400–800Famine in Western Europe associated with the Fall of Rome and its sack by Alaric I. Between 400 and 800 AD, the population of the city of Rome fell by over 90%, mainly because of famine and plague.Western Europe
2639Famine in Arabia during the Caliphate of Umar ibn al-KhattabArabia
4800–1000 ADSevere drought killed millions of Maya people with famine and thirst and initiated a cascade of internal collapses that destroyed their civilizationMaya Empire
5809Frankish Empire
6875–884Peasant rebellion in China inspired by famine; Huang Chao captured capitalChina
7927–928Caused by four months of frostByzantine Empire
91016Famine throughout EuropeEurope
101022, 1033, 1052Great famines in India, in which entire provinces were depopulatedIndia